History and Geography


At St White’s, we strive to help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and reflect on Britain’s past and that of the wider world. Through their enthusiasm, pupils will be inspired to know more about the past. Teaching at St White’s will equip pupils to be curious about the world in order to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, how people have collectively worked together and taken responsibility for each other, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and how people have committed to overcome the challenges of their time. 

The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils: 

  •                      Know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world 
  •                      Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non- European societies; achievements and follies of mankind 
  •                      Gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’ 
  •                      Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses 
  •                      Understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed 
  •                      Gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales. 


At St White’s Primary School, we want to inspire in our pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. The teaching will equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. Through the human geography, pupils will explore how communication has shaped civilisations. As pupils at St White’s progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. They will use this to understand how we can take responsibility both personally and collectively to sustain our environment. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.  


The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils: 

  •                      Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes 
  •                      Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time 
  •                      Are competent in the geographical skills needed to: 
  •                      Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes 
  •                      Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) 
  •                      Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.